Lincoln


Select Lincoln Surname Genealogy

The surname Lincoln derives from the town of Lincoln in Lincolnshire in the east of England.  Lincoln was an important center in the area during Roman times and during the Middle Ages.  The name Lincoln defined someone from Lincoln (who may in fact be resident somewhere else).

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EnglandLincolns are persons from Lincoln, not necessarily of Lincoln.  London recorded the following Lincoln immigrants from Lincolnshire in its subsidy rolls of the 13th century: 
  • John de Lincolne, draper (1266)  
  • John de Lyncolne, cordwainer (1292)  
  • and Hugh de Lyncolne, skinner (1309).  
John Lincoln was a peddler who helped instigate the riots against foreign tradesmen in London in 1517.  He was executed for his pains.  A later John Lincoln was a well-known organ-maker in London in the early 19th century.

By the time of the 1881 census, London recorded some Lincolns, but Lincolnshire very few.  They were in fact outnumbered by those in Norfolk to the south of Lincolnshire, followed by those in Yorkshire to the north.   

The Lincoln name had appeared in Norfolk in the 13th century.  William de Lyncolne was bailiff of Norwich in 1256.  A Thomas Lyncolne was recorded as farming in the Norfolk village of Tasburgh in 1413 and these Lincolns stayed in the village for the next four hundred years.  


Swanton Morley in Norfolk was home in the 16th century to Richard Lincoln, a wealthy churchwarden who built the mansion which is now The Angel pub.  Richard Lincoln disinherited his son Edward from his will in favor of his fourth wife, thereby throwing the Lincoln family into penury and forcing his young grandsons Thomas and Samuel, then living in Hingham, to emigrate to America.


AmericaThe new colony of Hingham, Massachusetts had amongst its Norfolk settlers six Lincolns who were the progenitors of almost all the Lincolns in America.  They included Thomas Lincoln the weaver who was granted land in 1636 and his younger son Samuel, Abraham Lincoln's ancestor in America, who received land there a year later.  Samuel and his wife Martha had eight children who survived, three of whom lived onto their eighties. 

Thomas Lincolnís line led to Benjamin Lincoln, an American general during the Revolutionary War.  It is a point that Lincolns in the South have tended to be named after General Benjamin Lincoln rather than after the President Abraham Lincoln. 

One line from Samuel Lincoln led to: 
  • Levi Lincoln and his son Levi, both Governors of Massachusetts 
  • and Enoch Lincoln, brother of the younger Levi and Governor of Maine in 1827   
Another line to Abraham Lincoln went from Massachusetts to New Jersey and then to Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois and to the log cabin there where Abraham grew up, the son of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy nee Hanks.  That was the lineage covered in William E. Bartonís 1929 book The Lineage of Lincoln.  At the time some disputed this lineage, maintaining that Nancy Hanks was indeed his mother but that his father was an Abraham Enloe instead.  Barton dismissed this as idle talk and not supported by the facts.
 

Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln had four children, but only their eldest son, Robert Lincoln, would survive to adulthood.

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If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for further stories and accounts:


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John Lincoln from Grimsby was the King's Secretary during the reign of Richard II in the late 14th century.
Benjamin Lincoln
was one of Washington's generals during the Revolutionary War.
Abraham Lincoln was America's 16th President and one of its most famous.  He was the man who led the country through the trials and tribulations of the Civil War.

Select Lincolns Today
  • 5,000 in the UK (most numerous in Norfolk)
  • 6,000 in America (most numerous in California) 
  • 3,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

PS.  You might want to check out the surnames page on this website.  It covers surname genealogy in this and companion websites for more than 800 surnames.

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